Some students may experience disability-related symptoms or require necessary treatment that can impact attendance of their classes. The Office of Civil Rights has, in response to a related claim, provided guidance regarding “attendance” (see Cabrillo Community College, OCR Case 09-96-2150, 1996) the questions below are intended to assist in determining if attendance is an essential requirement for a course.
- Is there classroom interaction between the instructor and students? Among students?
- Do student contributions make up a significant part of the learning process?
- Does the fundamental nature of the course rely on student participation as an essential method for learning?
- To what degree does a student’s failure to attend constitute a significant loss to the educational experience of other students in the class?
- What do the course description and course syllabus say about attendance?
- Which method is used to calculate the final grade?
- What are the classroom practices and policies regarding attendance?
After the above questions have been considered, it may be determined that a reasonable accommodation should include flexibility in attendance. This determination should be made on a case-by-case basis for those students with documented disabilities.